口罩防護大作戰~閱讀新冠肺炎英文
2020/01/30
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COVID-19

In December 2019, pneumonia caused by a new coronavirus—known as 2019-nCoV—broke out in the Chinese city of Wuhan in Hubei Province. There are many members of the virus family, but coronaviruses tend to cause respiratory infections, from typical ones such as the common cold to more serious ones such as SARS and MERS. As of January 30, 2020, there have been nine confirmed cases of Wuhan coronavirus infection in Taiwan.

How to protect yourself?
Experts advise that you should avoid traveling to China, especially Wuhan, in the near future. Wash your hands frequently. Do not touch your nose and mouth or rub your eyes. Wear a surgical mask in crowded places and on long-distance transportation, such as trains or planes.

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Fighting for masks?
According to research, surgical masks are quite effective in preventing the spread of influenza viruses. Even medical personnel wear surgical masks when they treat influenza patients. However, due to the Lunar New Year holidays, mask manufacturers paused production, leading many people to report that they cannot buy masks at all. In response, the government announced that 6 million masks have been released each of the last three days. Because of the emergency, each person is allowed to purchase only three masks. I hope that the public will not panic and begin to hoard more masks than they need.

Everyone with fever symptoms should seek medical treatment as soon as possible, especially those who may have been exposed to this new, deadly virus.
 

新冠肺炎
Photo Credit: photo AC https://reurl.cc/oDj48g

2019 年 12 月,新型冠狀病毒(WHO 正式命名 COVID-19)引起的肺炎在中國湖北省武漢市爆發。病毒家族有許多成員,其中冠狀病毒往往會引起呼吸道感染,從典型感染(例如普通感冒)到更嚴重的感染(例如 SARS 和 MERS)。截至 2020 年 1 月 30 日,台灣已確診九例新冠肺炎感染病例。

如何保護自己?
專家建議近期避免前往中國,尤其是武漢。勤洗手,勿觸摸臉部或揉眼睛。在人多擁擠的地方和長途運輸工具(例如火車或飛機)上配戴口罩。

搶購口罩大作戰?
根據研究,外科口罩在預防流感病毒傳播方面相當有效。即使是醫護人員,也都是戴外科口罩照顧流感病人。而適逢農曆過年假期,口罩製造商暫停了生產,導致許多人反映他們根本買不到口罩。回應此現象,政府宣佈在過去三天中每天釋出六百萬個口罩。由於緊急情況,每人限購三個口罩。希望民眾不要驚慌,不要囤積過多的口罩。

出現發燒症狀的人應盡快就醫,尤其是那些可能已感染這種新型致命病毒的人。

時事英文詞彙加油站

1

肺炎

pneumonia
[njuˋmonjə] (n.)

2

冠狀病毒

coronavirus 
[kəˋraʊnə͵vaɪrəs] (n.)

3

爆發(指激烈事件突然發生)

break out

4

呼吸的

respiratory
[rɪˋspaɪrə͵torɪ] (a.)

5

傳染;感染

infection [ɪnˋfɛkʃən] (n.)

6

口罩

mask [mæsk] (n.)

7

流行性感冒

influenza 
[͵ɪnflʊˋɛnzə] (n.)

8

醫療的;內科的

medical [ˋmɛdɪk!] (a.)

9

外科的

surgical [ˋsɝdʒɪk!] (a.)

10

農曆年假

the Lunar New Year holidays

11

廠商

manufacturer 
[͵mænjəˋfæktʃərɚ] (n.)

12

恐慌

panic [ˋpænɪk] (v.)

13

囤積;囤貨

hoard [hord] (v.)
stock up



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