聽讀英文 – 科學與科技:太空探索發明 Space exploration inventions (音)|貝塔語測
聽讀英文 – 科學與科技:太空探索發明 Space exploration inventions (音)

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By  Quentin Brand

Script 閱讀文本

Space exploration, with its boundless frontiers and relentless pursuit of knowledge, has not only expanded our understanding of the universe but has also sparked innovations that have transformed life here on Earth. Many of the technologies that we now consider normal had their origins in the challenges and demands of space travel. Here are four remarkable inventions that were born out of space exploration. 

Memory foam, renowned for its ability to conform to pressure and then regain its original shape, was initially developed for NASA’s spaceflight comfort. Created in the 1960s as a response to the need for more comfortable and safer seating in spacecraft, memory foam’s unique properties quickly garnered attention. Today, this innovation is ubiquitous in mattresses, pillows, footwear, and even medical equipment, enhancing comfort and support for people around the world. 

Global Positioning System (GPS) technology has revolutionized navigation and location-based services. Originally devised for military applications and space exploration, GPS allows precise positioning of objects on Earths surface by utilizing signals from a network of satellites. This technology found its way into civilian use, transforming how we navigate cities, explore new places, and even track fitness activities. From turn-by-turn directions to ride-sharing apps, GPS has become an essential part of modern life. 

The durable lenses that protect our eyes from the sun’s glare and dust owe their existence to space exploration. NASA collaborated with a company to develop scratch-resistant coatings for astronauts helmet visors in the 1970s. This innovation not only improved astronaut safety by maintaining clear visibility but also had practical applications on Earth. Today, scratch-resistant coatings are used in eyeglasses, sunglasses, camera lenses, and more, extending the lifespan of these essential optical devices. 

Cordless power tools can be traced back to the Apollo program of the 1960s and 70s. NASA engineers faced a unique challenge: how to design compact, lightweight tools that astronauts could use during extravehicular activities on the Moon. Traditional tools with cords proved impractical in the vacuum of space, as cords could become tangled, restrict movement, and pose a safety hazard. In response, NASA developed cordless tools that could operate efficiently in a zero-gravity environment. The result was the first cordless drill, which accompanied astronauts on lunar missions. This innovative tool not only assisted astronauts in collecting samples and conducting experiments on the Moon’s surface but also paved the way for a revolutionary leap in Earthly technology. 

The spirit of exploration and the quest for solutions to the challenges of space travel have yielded remarkable inventions that continue to shape our lives on Earth. From memory foam providing us with comfort and restful sleep to GPS guiding us through uncharted territories and scratch-resistant lenses enhancing our vision, to the convenience of cordless power tools, these innovations underscore the far-reaching impact of space exploration. As we look to the future, it’s a testament to human ingenuity that the pursuit of the cosmos has led to such practical and transformative advancements in our everyday lives.

Translation 中文翻譯
太空探索以其無邊無際的疆域和對知識的不懈追求,不僅擴大了我們對宇宙的了解,而且激發了改變地球生活的創新。 我們現在認為正常的許多技術都起源於太空旅行的挑戰和需求。 以下是太空探索中誕生的四項非凡發明。 
記憶棉,以其能夠適應壓力並恢復原狀的能力而聞名,最初是為了 NASA 的太空飛行舒適性而開發的。被發明於 1960 年代,作為對太空船座椅需要更舒適和更安全的回應,記憶棉的獨特性質迅速引起了人們的注意。如今,這一創新在床墊、枕頭、鞋類甚至醫療設備中無處不在,為全球人們提供更舒適和支持。 
全球定位系統 (GPS) 技術已革命性地改變了導航和基於位置的服務。最初是為軍事應用和太空探索而設計的,GPS 通過利用一個衛星網絡的信號,可以精確定位地球表面上的物體。這項技術進入了民用領域,改變了我們導航城市、探索新地方,甚至跟蹤健身活動的方式。從逐步導航到共乘應用程序,GPS 已經成為現代生活的重要組成部分。 
保護我們眼睛免受陽光耀眼和灰塵的耐用鏡片的存在要歸功於太空探索。在 1970 年代,NASA 與一家公司合作,開發了太空人頭盔面罩的耐刮擦塗層。這項創新不僅通過保持清晰的視野提高了宇航員的安全性,還在地球上具有實際應用。如今,耐刮擦塗層用於眼鏡、太陽鏡、相機鏡頭等,延長了這些重要光學設備的使用壽命。 
無線電動工具可以追溯到 1960 年代和 70 年代的阿波羅計劃。NASA 工程師面臨了一個獨特的挑戰:如何設計出宇航員在月球的太空活動中可以使用的緊湊、輕便的工具。傳統的有線工具在太空的真空中被證明是不實用的,因為電線可能會纏繞、限制運動並造成安全隱患。為因應此挑戰,NASA 開發了可以在零重力環境中有效運作的無線電動工具。結果是第一把無線電動鑽,它陪伴宇航員一同進行月球任務。這種創新工具不僅幫助宇航員在月球表面收集樣本和進行實驗,還為地球技術的革命性飛躍鋪平了道路。 
探索精神和解決太空旅行挑戰的追求已經產生了令人驚嘆的發明,這些發明繼續塑造我們在地球上的生活。從提供我們舒適和寧靜睡眠的記憶棉,到引導我們穿越未知領域的 GPS,再到提升我們視力的耐刮擦鏡片,以及無線電動工具的便利性,這些創新凸顯了太空探索的遠大影響。當我們展望未來時,這是對人類聰明才智的一種證明,表明對宇宙的追求已經引發了我們日常生活中如此實際和轉化性的進步。
In the last paragraph, the word ‘quest’ means a search for something and we use it when we want to describe a search for something very important. Here are some more sentences using the word: ‘The young adventurer started out on a daring quest to uncover the hidden treasures of a long-forgotten civilization.’ ‘In their relentless quest for knowledge, scientists have been exploring the mysteries of the deep sea.’
IRT 作題評量,診斷學習強弱

Q1: What is the main topic of the article?

A. the origin of memory foam

B. the origin of GPS

C. some inventions that developed from space exploration


Q2: In paragraph 5 what does the word ‘extravehicular’ mean?

A. outside the vehicle

B. outside the solar system

C. outside the earth’s atmosphere


Q3: What is the origin of scratch resistant coatings?

A. sunglasses

B. camera lenses

C. helmet visors

Q1: C Q2: A Q3: C

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