聽讀英文 – 科學與科技:蘑菇的新運用 New uses for mushrooms (音)|貝塔語測
聽讀英文 – 科學與科技:蘑菇的新運用 New uses for mushrooms (音)

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By  Quentin Brand

Script 閱讀文本

In a world increasingly focused on sustainability and innovation, mushrooms are emerging as an unexpected hero, offering a multitude of new uses that span far beyond the culinary realm. From eco-friendly packaging to life-saving medicinal breakthroughs, these fungi are becoming a driving force behind a mycological revolution. 

One of the most promising and environmentally friendly uses of mushrooms is their application in the field of sustainable packaging. Companies are increasingly turning to mycelium, the root structure of mushrooms, to create biodegradable and compostable alternatives to traditional plastics. These mycelium-based packaging materials are not only cost-effective but also reduce the burden of plastic waste on our planet. 

The production of mycelium packaging is relatively simple and involves growing mycelium on agricultural waste materials. Once mature, it can be molded into various shapes to replace single-use plastics and styrofoam. Major corporations and startups alike are exploring this option to reduce their carbon footprint and promote eco-friendly practices. 

Mushrooms have been used in traditional medicine for centuries, but their potential for groundbreaking modern medical applications is only recently being fully explored. One of the most remarkable discoveries is the potential use of certain mushroom species in treating various ailments, including cancer. Compounds found in mushrooms like Shiitake, Turkey Tail, and Reishi have shown promise in cancer treatment and immunotherapy. These mushrooms contain bioactive compounds that can stimulate the immune system and inhibit the growth of cancer cells. While research is ongoing, early results are promising, giving hope to patients and healthcare professionals alike. 

Mushrooms’ remarkable ability to break down organic matter is being harnessed to address environmental pollution and remediation. Species like oyster mushrooms are known for their capacity to biodegrade and detoxify soil contaminated with hazardous substances, such as oil and heavy metals. This method, known as mycoremediation, offers a sustainable and cost-effective approach to environmental cleanup. 

Furthermore, some mushrooms can break down plastics, which is particularly vital in a world grappling with plastic pollution. Researchers are exploring how these fungi can help manage and reduce plastic waste in landfills and the environment, offering a potential solution to a global crisis. 

Mycologists and architects are now collaborating to explore mushrooms’ potential in the construction industry. Mycelium can be used to create building materials that are not only biodegradable but also strong and durable. These mycelium-based materials are fire-resistant, insulation-friendly, and could revolutionize construction practices by reducing the environmental impact of the industry. 

In summary, the versatile and sustainable properties of mushrooms are opening doors to innovative solutions in various industries, ranging from packaging to medicine and construction. As our world continues to grapple with environmental challenges, these fungal wonders are emerging as key players in the quest for a more sustainable and eco-friendly future. The mycological revolution is just beginning, and mushrooms are poised to play a pivotal role in shaping it.

Translation 中文翻譯
※ Quentin老師閱讀文本外,另有補充對於本篇主題的個人觀點與讀者分享,請仔細聆聽,並思考自己的想法。※
In the last paragraph you will see the idiom ‘opening doors’. This means creating new opportunities and we use it when we want to emphasise that new possibilities are happening. Here are some more sentences using the idiom. 
‘The mentorship program at the company is excellent at opening doors for young professionals, providing them with valuable networking opportunities.’ 
‘Education has always been a powerful tool for opening doors to new possibilities and opportunities.’
在最後一段,你會看到片語「open doors」,意指創造新的機會,當我們想強調新的可能性正在發生時,此片語便能派上用場。下面是更多例句: 
IRT 作題評量,診斷學習強弱

Q1: What is the main topic of the article?

A. poisonous mushrooms

B. the pleasures of eating mushrooms

C. new uses for mushrooms


Q2: In the first paragraph what does the word ‘mycological’ mean?

A. cooking

B. radical

C. the study of mushrooms


Q3: What are oyster mushrooms known for?

A. their capacity to biodegrade and detoxify contaminated soil

B. groundbreaking modern medical applications

C. break down plastics

Q1: C Q2: C Q3: A

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