英文閱讀 OK Bar (2) Emily Dickinson
2020/05/12
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★ 精闢解題 by 王復國老師

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Emily Dickinson
As a writer of poetry, Emily Dickinson was unknown in the 19th century. She lived a lonely, secluded life in her fathers house in Amherst , Massachusetts . She never married and she isolated herself   1   the world.   2   , she found ample joy in writing poetry--delicate four-line stanzas in a contemplative tone, reminding one of the Protestant hymns. She wrote poems on discarded envelopes, grocery wrappings, or   3   scraps of paper that happened to be handy, and she never had her poetry published. Like many great artists, she was "discovered" after death, in her case   4   the twentieth century. That discovery is in a sense appropriate,   5   her poetry was definitely ahead of her time.
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1 (A) to (B) in (C) from (D) with
2 (A) Therefore (B) However (C) Otherwise (D) Besides
3 (A) which (B) whereas (C) what (D) whatever
4 (A) until (B) till (C) only till (D) not until
5 (A) for (B) but (C) and (D) so



答 
CBDDA
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解 
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本題考正確的介系詞。在 isolate oneself 之後應用介系詞 from,正確答案為 (C)。而所謂 isolate oneself from the world 指的是「隱遁」,也就是「將自己與世界隔離」之意。
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前一句提到 Emily Dickinson 從未結婚,還將自己「與世隔絕」,而本句則說她從寫詩中找到許多樂趣 (She found ample joy in writing poetry),因此在兩者間最佳的「起承轉合」應該是能表達「相對」、「相反」之邏輯的 (B) However 。選項 (A) Therefore因此)、(C) Otherwise否則)、(D) Besides此外)的邏輯都沒有 However 來得通順、自然。[注意,本題四個選項皆屬『連接副詞』 (conjunctive adverb)。]
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本題空格後為名詞片語 scraps of paper碎紙片),因此空格中應填入的應該是用來修飾名詞(片語)的形容詞。(B) whereas然而)為連接詞可先排除。 (A) which (C) what 雖可作形容詞,但皆屬「疑問」形容詞,因此皆不適用於此句。本題正確答案為 (D) whatever,而 whatever 在此句表達的是「不論什麼樣的」之意。
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本句話要表達的是:就像許多偉大的藝術家一樣,她 (Emily Dickinson) 是在死後才被「發現」(”discovered”),而且是「一直到」二十世紀才被發現。注意,雖然 (A) until (B) till 皆譯成「一直到」,但本句真正的意思並非「她到二十世紀一直被發現」,而是「到二十世紀之前她一直『沒』被發現」( she was "not" discovered until the twentieth century),因此正確答案應選 (D) not until
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本句包含兩個子句。第一個子句是說「她的被發現(雖然晚了些)在某種意義上是適切的 (in a sense appropriate) 」,而第二句子句表達的則是「她的詩肯定是領先她的時代的」(her poetry was definitely ahead of her time)。兩個子句間的最佳「橋樑」應該是具表達「原因」之功能的 (A) for 。[注意,for because 皆用來表「原因」,但兩者文法功用不同:for與本題其他選項相同)為「對等」連接詞,because 則屬「從屬」連接詞。.
 
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