[英文寫作加分句型] had better 和 would rather 的用法, blog, 貝塔語言出版 Betamedia
[英文寫作加分句型] had better 和 would rather 的用法
2020/12/16
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今天介紹的兩個句型都是許多英文作文中常見的,不複雜但能夠活化一篇文章,一起來學習將它們納入寫作時的句型口袋吧~

▲ had better + 原形動詞「最好⋯⋯」 
For your own good, you’d better tell the police the truth.
為了你自己好,你最好跟警方說實話。
Since you have a bad cough, you’d better quit smoking.
既然你咳嗽得那麼厲害,你最好還是不要抽菸了。

注意
had better 常縮寫成 d better 的型式,許多人在還原後,常誤認為 would better,要小心避免。

You would better put on a jacket, for it’s windy out there today.

You had better put on a jacket, for it’s windy out there today.

     你最好多穿件夾克,因為今天外頭風很大。

注意
很多人也會誤以為 had better 的 had 為「完成式」,而後面動詞使用過去分詞。其實 had better 連用,是助動詞,所以後面用原形動詞。had better 的否定為 had better not,要避免寫出下面的句子:

☒ You hadn’t better do it, if you don’t want to get into any trouble.

 You had better not do it, if you don’t want to get into any trouble.

     你最好不要做這件事情,如果你不想惹上任何麻煩。

▲ would rather + 原形動詞 + than + 原形動詞寧可⋯⋯也不願⋯⋯ 
I would rather cook for myself than eat out.
我寧可自己煮飯,也不願外出用餐。
I would rather be hungry than eat junk food.
我寧可肚子餓,也不願吃垃圾食物。
She would rather be alone than hang out with her friends.
她寧可自己獨處,也不願跟她的朋友出去玩。

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