聽讀英文 – 人物焦點:泰戈爾 Rabindranath Tagore (音)|貝塔語測
聽讀英文 – 人物焦點:泰戈爾 Rabindranath Tagore (音)

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By  Quentin Brand

Script 閱讀文本

In the pantheon of literary and artistic luminaries, Rabindranath Tagore stands as a towering figure, leaving an indelible mark on the world through his poetry, music, and profound philosophy. Born on May 7, 1861, in Calcutta (now Kolkata), India, Tagore’s life was a tapestry of creativity, spirituality, and a relentless pursuit of humanism. 

Rabindranath Tagore was born into a distinguished family, the youngest of thirteen children. His father, Debendranath Tagore, was a prominent philosopher and social reformer, setting the stage for the young Tagore’s intellectual upbringing. Rabindranath showed an early interest in literature, music, and the arts, and his formal education began at a young age. 

Tagore’s literary journey began with his first collection of poems, “Kabi Kahini” (The Poet’s Tale), published when he was just sixteen. His early works reflected a deep connection with nature and an exploration of the human condition. The publication of “Gitanjali” (Song Offerings) in 1910 catapulted Tagore onto the international stage, earning him the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913—the first non-European to receive such an honor. 

Tagore’s educational philosophy found expression in Santiniketan, the school he founded in 1901. Santiniketan, meaning “abode of peace,” became a center for artistic and intellectual exploration, emphasizing a holistic approach to education. In 1921, Tagore expanded Santiniketan into Visva-Bharati University, a unique institution that sought to bridge the gap between the East and the West through the integration of Indian and Western traditions. 

Tagore was not confined to the written word; his creativity extended to music and the visual arts. He composed numerous songs, which are an integral part of Bengali culture and are known as Rabindra Sangeet. His artistic vision also led to the creation of a distinctive style of painting. 

A fervent advocate of social reform, Tagore used his influence to address societal issues. He campaigned against the British Raj and promoted the ideals of freedom and nationalism. He championed education for all, regardless of caste or gender, and spoke against narrow-minded nationalism, emphasizing the importance of a universal human bond. 

Rabindranath Tagore’s impact extended far beyond the borders of India. His writings inspired countless individuals, including figures like Albert Einstein and W.B. Yeats. Tagore’s timeless words continue to resonate, reminding us of the universal themes of love, freedom, and the interconnectedness of humanity. 

As we commemorate the life and work of Rabindranath Tagore, we celebrate not only a literary giant but a visionary whose ideas continue to shape our understanding of the human experience. Tagore’s legacy lives on in the institutions he founded, the melodies he composed, and the profound ideas that continue to inspire generations around the world.

Translation 中文翻譯
在文學和藝術名人的殿堂中,泰戈爾是一位崇高的人物,其詩歌、音樂和深刻的哲學給世界留下了不可磨滅的印記。泰戈爾於 1861 年 5 月 7 日出生於印度 Calcutta(現稱 Kolkata 加爾各答),他的一生是創造力、靈性和對人文主義不懈追求的一生。 
泰戈爾的文學之路始於他的第一部詩集《詩人的故事》(Kabi Kahini),當時他年僅 16 歲。他的早期作品反映了與大自然的深刻聯繫和對人類生存條件的探索。1910 年出版的《吉檀迦利》(另譯《頌歌集》)使泰戈爾一舉登上國際舞台,並於 1913 年獲得諾貝爾文學獎──第一個獲得此殊榮的非歐洲人。 
泰戈爾的教育哲學在他於 1901 年創建的學校 Santiniketan 中得到體現。Santiniketan 意為「和平的住所」,成為藝術和智力探索的中心,強調對教育的整體化方法。1921 年,泰戈爾將 Santiniketan 拓展為維斯瓦巴拉蒂大學,這是一所獨特的機構,旨在通過融合印度和西方傳統來彌合東西方之間的差距。 
泰戈爾並不局限於文字,他的創造力還延伸到音樂和視覺藝術領域。他創作了大量歌曲,這些歌曲是孟加拉文化不可分割的一部分,被稱為 Rabindra Sangeet。他的藝術視野還使他創造了一種獨特的繪畫風格。 
※ Quentin老師閱讀文本外,另有補充對於本篇主題的個人觀點與讀者分享,請仔細聆聽,並思考自己的想法。※
In the third paragraph you will see the word ‘catapulted.’ This word means ‘launched’ and we use it when we want to describe how someone or something suddenly becomes famous. Here are some more sentences using the word. 
‘The unexpected success of her debut novel catapulted the young author into literary stardom, garnering praise from critics and readers alike.’ 
‘The groundbreaking technological innovation catapulted the small startup into the forefront of the industry, attracting the attention of major investors.’
IRT 作題評量,診斷學習強弱

Q1: What is the main topic of the article?

A. India

B. Indian poetry

C. the life and work of an Indian Poet


Q2: In the first paragraph, what does the word ‘luminary’ mean?

A. light bringer

B. great and famous person

C. genius


Q3: What did Tagore do in 1921?

A. he won the Nobel Prize for Literature

B. he started a school

C. he started a university

Q1: C Q2: B Q3: C

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