not only ... but also 的用法, blog, 貝塔語言出版 Betamedia
not only ... but also 的用法
2017/11/22
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Not only … but also 是各類英文測驗中最常考到的「關聯連接詞」,
而考點一般都落在由 not only but also 所引導的結構【必須完全對等】
請看例句:

①  Not only you but also I was surprised to see him there.
不只是你,我也非常驚訝在那兒看到他。
②  They not only made the rules but also enforced them.
他們不僅訂定那些規則,而且還嚴格執行。
 Not only did he invite us to his party, but he also gave us gifts.
他不但邀請我們去參加他的派對,而且還給我們禮物。

重點
not only but also 所引導的兩個項目雖然在文法上必須對等,但是在語意上卻較著重第二項,因此若用來作為主詞,【動詞必須與第二個名詞一致】,如例句 所示。


重點
not only but also 引導的是子句時,【句首由 Not only 所引導的子句必須倒裝】,而第二個子句則應由簡單連接詞 but 來引導,副詞 also 必須置於靠近動詞的位置,不可置於主詞之前,如例句 所示。事實上,也正因 also 不是連接詞,因此可省略不用;換言之,上列三個例句亦可寫成:

①  Not only you but I was surprised to see him there.

②  They not only made the rules but enforced them.

  Not only did he invite us to his party, but he gave us gifts.




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